Did the federal government mandate the CCSS adoption by the states?

The federal government did not, and cannot, mandate the standards that states adopt according to law. This did not deter them from tying federal funds to coerce states to adopt the CCSS, however. There were three federal funds tied to states adoption of the CCSS and only 5 states have not adopted them. The three funds linked to the CCSS and/or education reform were:

Race to the Top Grants: Wyoming applied for the first round but did not win the grant. The Wyoming application states intent that “The SBE will consider adoption of the Common Core State Standards”

ESEA funding: The US DOE states that “Beginning in 2015, formula funds will be available only to states that are implementing assessments based on college- and career-ready standards that are common to a significant number of states.” (http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/blueprint/blueprint.pdf pages 11-12)

State Fiscal and Stabilization Funds: The awarding of these funds required states to “commit to education reform, including standards and assessments. http://www2.ed.gov/programs/statestabilization/stateapps/wy.pdf

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