Did the Federal government coerce states to adopt the Common Core State Standards?
There are three different ways that the US Department of Education tied funds to the commitment of states adopting the Common Core State Standards. Wyoming has received benefits from this coercion. The three “carrots” are:
1) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (stimulus bill)
2) Race To The Top grants
3) No Child Left Behind/Elementary and Secondary Education Act waivers
Wyoming has received ARRA funds in exchange for the commitment of adopting “college and career ready” standards. Wyoming did apply for the Race To The Top grant program (although Wyoming did not win the grant), and Wyoming has received a waiver, again for the exchanged commitment to adopt “college and career ready standards.” The only “college and career ready” standards available to states at this time, unless they develop their own, are the Common Core State Standards. The CCSS are owned and copyrighted by private trade organizations in DC. The sources for the three programs and how Wyoming participated in them can be found here.
Click here to see the No Child Left Behind waiver explanation from US Department of Education.
Why wasn’t a cost analysis performed before implementing Common Core in Wyoming?
A state by state comprehensive cost analysis was done in a white paper released in February, 2012 by the Pioneer Institute and the American Principles Project. The paper, “National Cost of Aligning States and Localities to the Common Core Standards”, shows a financial break down by textbooks and material costs, multi-year technology costs, and professional development costs for teacher/staff trainings. Their report estimates that it will cost the United States $16 billion to implement common core!
The costs projected for Wyoming were as follows:
- Professional Development – around 20 million (page 16).
- Technology Upgrades for testing – around 20 million (page 22).
- Textbooks and Curriculum Materials – around 8 million (page 19).
It has been published that the estimated cost for Wyoming to implement the State Longitudinal Data System will cost $11 million in the next 5 years. You can view this information on page 39 on this here. Note: the $11 million does NOT include any cost estimates of the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium or Common Core State Standards implementation and sustenance costs. Those will have additional impacts on Wyoming.
This article reflects cost issues in Tennessee, which could be issues Wyoming will deal with as well: Click here to read